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The Meanings of Health and its Promotion

Details: The Constitution of the World Health Organization, which came into force on April 7, 1948, defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.” The writers of the Constitution were clearly aware of the tendency of seeing health as a state dependent on the presence or

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Concepts and definitions of health and health-related

Details: Health is an aspect interwoven with all other aspects of life, everyday life, working life, family life, and community life. Health is viewed a resource and a total, personal, situation-specific phenomenon. Absence of disease is not enough – the life situation as a whole must be taken into consideration.

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Sociology and Health

Details: Health Problems as Social Problems. The historical focus of sociology is on social problems in human society. Social problems include health problems, crime , deviance, violence , poverty , inequality, population problems, delinquency, and institutional instability.

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Health Databases and Health Database Organizations: Uses

Details: No one engaged in any part of health care delivery or planning today can fail to sense the immense changes on the horizon, even if the silhouettes of those changes, let alone the details, are in dispute. 11The Clinton administration's proposed Health Security Act (HSA, 1993) gives appreciable attention to information systems and related matters.

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Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health Equity

Details: First, health is a prerequisite for education: hungry children or children who cannot hear well, or who have chronic toothaches, eg, are hindered in their learning. 5 Second, education about health (ie, health education) occurs within schools and in many public health interventions; it is a central tool of public health. 6 Third, physical

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Real-world impact of vaccination on coronavirus disease

Details: Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination effectiveness in healthcare personnel (HCP) has been established. However, questions remain regarding its performance in high-risk healthcare occupations and work locations. We describe the effect of a COVID-19 HCP vaccination campaign on SARS-CoV-2 infection by timing of vaccination, job type, and work location.

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Assessing the Impact of Telemedicine on Nursing Care in

Details: During the study period she was director of nursing at Sutter Health, Sacramento, California. Mary McCarthy is director, Clinical Quality Value Analysis, Eastern Maine Healthcare Systems, Bangor, Maine. Rebecca J. Zapatochny Rufo is the, operations director of the tele-intensive care unit program at Resurrection Health Care, Chicago, Illinois.

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Recent trends, risk factors, and disparities in low birth

Details: Affiliations 1 Department of Health Care Services, Benefits Division, 1501 Capitol Ave, Suite 71.4104, MS 4600, P.O. Box 997417, Sacramento, CA 95899-7417 USA.; 2 3School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld 4072 Australia.; 3 Department of Health Care Services, Clinical Assurance and Administrative Support Division, 1501 Capitol Ave

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Impact and overuse injuries in runners

Details: 1 Kinesiology and Health Science Department, California State University, Sacramento, Sacramento, CA 95819-6073, USA. [email protected]; PMID: 15126720 DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000126803.66636.dd Abstract Forces that are repeatedly applied to the body could lead to positive remodeling of a structure if the forces fall below the tensile

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Public health: Health geography: supporting public health

Details: Health geography recognizes the importance of context, setting and spatial scale — from global to local — in determining health outcomes. The issues facing health and health care are complex and an integrative, multidisciplinary approach is crucial to ensure that research provides relevant, high-quality evidence to inform health policy.

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Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables

Details: Introduction. Diets high in fruits and vegetables are widely recommended for their health-promoting properties. Fruits and vegetables have historically held a place in dietary guidance because of their concentrations of vitamins, especially vitamins C and A; minerals, especially electrolytes; and more recently phytochemicals, especially antioxidants.

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Today’s Health Problems and Health Education

Details: Health education and health educators will be expected to contribute to the reduction of the negative impact of such major health problems as heart disease, cancer, dental disease, mental illness and other neurological disturbances, obesity, accidents, and the adjustments necessary to a productive old age.

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Health needs assessment : Development and importance of

Details: Health needs assessment is a new phrase to describe the development and refinement of well established approaches to understanding the needs of a local population. In the 19th century the first medical officers for health were responsible for assessing the needs of their local populations.

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Technology and the Future of Healthcare

Details: Health 2.0. There are many areas where the scale and unit profits of the healthcare market will drive technical developments. Collectively, this technology-driven progress in healthcare is sometimes called Health 2.0, to distinguish it from what we are doing now – Health 1.0. While Health 2.0 is exciting, it is sobering to realize that

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Health risks from radiofrequency radiation, including 5G

Details: Evaluation of health risks in Switzerland. Several Swiss citizens have brought to our attention that Associate Professor Martin Röösli is the chair of two important government expert groups in Switzerland (directeur), despite possible COIs and a history of misrepresentation of science (22,23).These groups are Beratende Expertengruppe NIS (BERENIS; the Swiss advisory expert …

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The Health Care Delivery System

Details: This chapter addresses the issues of access, managing chronic disease, neglected health care services (i.e., clinical preventive services, oral, and mental health care and substance abuse services), and the capacity of the health care delivery system to better serve the population in terms of cultural competence, quality, the workforce, financing, information technology, and emergency

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The Impact of Social and Cultural Environment on Health

Details: Health is determined by several factors including genetic inheritance, personal behaviors, access to quality health care, and the general external environment (such as the quality of air, water, and housing conditions). In addition, a growing body of research has documented associations between social and cultural factors and health (Berkman and Kawachi, 2000; Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).

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The Role of Public Health Institutions in Global Health

Details: Health systems are certainly complex, and specific activities need to address and adapt to local contexts . However, we believe that if these functions are themselves strengthened, they would in turn have the greatest impact on strengthening the health system as a whole and, therefore, have the greatest impact on the public's health.

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Understanding Population Health and Its Determinants

Details: For most people, thinking about health and health care is a very personal issue. Assuring the health of the public, however, goes beyond focusing on the health status of individuals; it requires a population health approach. As noted in Chapter 1, America's health status does not match the nation's substantial health investments. The work of assuring the nation's health also faces dramatic

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Cell phone addiction and psychological and physiological

Details: It is confirmed that adolescent's mental health and physical health is associated with cell phone addiction. But we cannot say it with 100 % accuracy that mobile phone is the only cause of poor mental or physiological health issues in adolescents. Reviewed articles of this study showed dual results.

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What Is Community

Details: PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAMS and policy are often defined at regional and national levels, but community is, literally, where prevention and intervention take place. Community context has been identified as an important determinant of health outcomes.1 Recognition of these facts has led to increased calls for community collaboration as an important strategy for successful public health

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A Detailed Review Study on Potential Effects of

Details: 3. Effects of Micro and Nanoplastics on Human Health. A recent report from the “World Health Organization” emphasized the ubiquitous microplastics presence in the environment and aroused great concern regarding the exposition and effects of nano and microplastics on human health [122,147,148,149,150].

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Defining health and health inequalities

Details: Health is therefore a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept embracing social and personal resources as well as physical and psychological capacities’. 11 ‘[health is] the capability to cope with and to manage one's own malaise and well-being conditions.’ 12

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Understanding Sexual Health and Its Role in More Effective

Details: SEXUAL HEALTH RESEARCH. Four articles address important research questions in key areas relevant to sexual health. First, Penman-Aguilar and colleagues conducted a detailed literature review to assess the impact of socioeconomic disadvantage on teen childbearing. 9 While the factors evaluated varied by study, the authors discovered a consistent theme across the review, with all studies that

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Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals

Details: Arsenic. Arsenic is one of the most important heavy metals causing disquiet from both ecological and individual health standpoints (Hughes et al., 1988).It has a semimetallic property, is prominently toxic and carcinogenic, and is extensively available in the form of oxides or sulfides or as a salt of iron, sodium, calcium, copper, etc. (Singh et al., 2007).

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Responsibility for health: personal, social, and environmental

Details: Most of the discussion in bioethics and health policy has focused on society's obligation to provide access to healthcare. 13 Undoubtedly, ensuring access is an important social responsibility, but there are many other ways in which societies can promote health, such as through sanitation, pollution control, food and drug safety, health

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Health Care Services for Homeless People

Details: To the extent that homeless people have been able to obtain needed health care services, they have relied on emergency rooms, clinics, hospitals, and other facilities that serve the poor. Indigent people (with or without a home) experience many obstacles in obtaining health care. For homeless people there are additional barriers. Recognition of the special health care needs of homeless people

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Summary of the Public Health System in the United States

Details: This section summarizes the organization of health agencies, the range of activities carried out by them, and their use and allocation of resources at the federal, state, and local levels. When possible, the range of activities of health agencies are categorized by the functions of public health as outlined in Chapter 2: assessment, policy development and leadership, and assurance of access to

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Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Details: A number of integrative health organizations encourage members to model healthy lifestyle behaviors, including the Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine 40 and the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. 41 Among some integrative health educational institutions, a culture of wellness exists, where healthy food choices are readily

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The Health Care System Under French National Health

Details: THE FRENCH HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. The French health care system combines universal coverage with a public–private mix of hospital and ambulatory care, higher levels of resources (Table 2 ), and a higher volume of service provision (Table 3 ) than in the United States.32 There is wide access to comprehensive health services for a population that is, on average, older than that of the United

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Health Problems of Homeless People

Details: Health Problems That Result from Being Homeless. Homelessness increases the risk of developing health problems such as diseases of the extremities and skin disorders; it increases the possibility of trauma, especially as a result of physical assault or rape (Kelly, 1985). 2 It can also turn a relatively minor health problem into a serious illness, as can be seen by the case of Doris Foy:

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Religion, Spirituality, and Health: The Research and

Details: 4. Religion, Spirituality, and Mental Health. Approximately 80% of research on R/S and health involves studies on mental health. One would expect stronger relationships between R/S and mental health since R/S involvement consists of psychological, social, and behavioral aspects that are more “proximally” related to mental health than to physical health.

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The Governmental Public Health Infrastructure

Details: Responding to Disarray. The Future of Public Health provided the public health community with a common language and a focus for reform, and progress has been made. In Washington, Illinois, and Michigan, for example, revisions of the state public health codes resulted in the inclusion of mandatory provisions for funding and the distribution of services to all communities “no matter how small

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What is “community health”

Details: Introduction. The evolution of public health has led to substantial changes in approaches to improving the health of members of communities. In the United States, these changes reflect the influence of many community-centered health developments, including the creation of national-level programs enacted by Congress, the establishment of dedicated governmental units at federal and state levels

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Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health

Details: Social relationships—both quantity and quality—affect mental health, health behavior, physical health, and mortality risk. Sociologists have played a central role in establishing the link between social relationships and health outcomes, identifying explanations for this link, and discovering social variation (e.g., by gender and race) at the population level.

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Wearable Health Devices—Vital Sign Monitoring, Systems and

Details: 1. Introduction. Wearable Health Devices (WHDs) are an emerging technology that enables continuous ambulatory monitoring of human vital signs during daily life (during work, at home, during sport activities, etc.) or in a clinical environment, with the advantage of minimizing discomfort and interference with normal human activities [].WHDs are part of personal health systems, a concept

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Online Social Networking and Mental Health

Details: Social Networking and Self-Esteem. Many authors define the term “self-esteem” as “the evaluative component of the self—the degree to which one prizes, values, approves or likes oneself.” 10,11 It is an important factor in developing and maintaining mental health and overall quality of life. 12–14 Low self-esteem is associated with the pathogenesis of numerous mental illnesses

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Exercise for Mental Health

Details: Mental health service providers can thus provide effective, evidence-based physical activity interventions for individuals suffering from serious mental illness. Further studies should be done to understand the impact of combining such interventions with traditional mental health treatment including psychopharmacology and psychotherapy.

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Islamophobia, Health, and Public Health: A Systematic

Details: A fourth of the studies examined physical health or health behaviors (n = 13; 25%).19,28,29,38,43,46,53,54,64,66,68 Others focused on both physical and mental health (n = 10; 19%) or health care seeking (n = 7; 13%).26,49,58–60,67,69 Only a third of the studies (n = 19; 36%) included a measure of religion. Bias was a serious or critical

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The Root Causes of Health Inequity

Details: Health inequity, categories and examples of which were discussed in the previous chapter, arises from social, economic, environmental, and structural disparities that contribute to intergroup differences in health outcomes both within and between societies. The report identifies two main clusters of root causes of health inequity. The first is the intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional

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Health Applications of the Internet

Details: Many health-related processes stand to be reshaped by the Internet. In clinical settings, the Internet enables care providers to gain rapid access to information that can aid in the diagnosis of health conditions or the development of suitable treatment plans. It can make patient records, test results, and practice guidelines accessible from the examination room.

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Health, United States, 2017: With Special Feature on

Details: Health, United States, 2017 is the 41st report on the health status of the country, and is submitted by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to the President and the Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for

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Implicit Racial/Ethnic Bias Among Health Care

Details: HEALTH DISPARITIES AND PROVIDER ATTITUDES. Provider attitudes and behavior are a target area for researchers and practitioners attempting to understand and eradicate inequitable health care.7 Although overt discriminatory behavior in the United States may have declined in recent decades, covert discrimination and institutional bias are sustained by subtle, implicit attitudes that may influence

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What is e-health

Details: e-health is an emerging field in the intersection of medical informatics, public health and business, referring to health services and information delivered or enhanced through the Internet and related technologies. In a broader sense, the term characterizes not only a technical development, but also a state-of-mind, a way of thinking, an

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The Effects of Tobacco Use on Health

Details: The scope of the burden of disease and death that cigarette smoking imposes on the public's health is extensive. Cigarette smoking is the major focus of this chapter because it is the central public health problem, but the topics of secondhand smoke exposure, smoking of other combustible tobacco products, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are also considered.

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Traveling Towards Disease: Transportation Barriers to

Details: Introduction. Transportation is a basic but necessary step for ongoing health care and medication access, particularly for those with chronic diseases (Fig. 1).Chronic disease care requires clinician visits, medication access, and changes to treatment plans in order to provide evidence-based care.

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STRESS AND HEALTH: Psychological, Behavioral, and

Details: Stressors have a major influence upon mood, our sense of well-being, behavior, and health. Acute stress responses in young, healthy individuals may be adaptive and typically do not impose a health burden. However, if the threat is unremitting, particularly in older or unhealthy individuals, the long

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