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United States: Health System Review

Details: This analysis of the US health system reviews the developments in organization and governance, health financing, healthcare provision, health reforms and health system performance. The US health system has both considerable strengths and notable weaknesses. It has a large and well-trained health wor …

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Public health in practice: the three domains of public health

Details: This paper outlines a conceptual model for public health practice by proposing the three domains as a framework to organize and to deliver public health programmes. The model builds on the recognition that public health is everybody's business and therefore, needs a common definitional base. Differe …

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Migrants, health, and happiness: Evidence that health

Details: Health assessments correlate with health outcomes and subjective well-being. Immigrants offer an opportunity to study persistent social influences on health where the social conditions are not endogenous to individual outcomes. This approach provides a clear direction of …

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Health information systems: the foundations of public …

Details: Public health decision-making is critically dependent on the timely availability of sound data. The role of health information systems is to generate, analyse and disseminate such data. In practice, health information systems rarely function systematically. The products of historical, social and eco …

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Health economics in public health

Details: Background: Economic analysis is an important tool in deciding how to allocate scarce public health resources; however, there is currently a dearth of such analysis by public health researchers. Methods: Public health researchers and practitioners were surveyed to determine their current use of health economics and to identify barriers to use as well as potential strategies to decrease those

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Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking …

Details: Affiliations. 1 Research Affiliate, School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, United States. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Toxicology and Health Effects of Electromagnetism, McGill University, Canada. 3 Molecular Pharmacology, Einstein Center of Toxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States.

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North American clinical management guidelines for

Details: 6 Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. 7 Department of Dermatology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt Sinai Hospital, New York, New York. 8 Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan. 9 …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30872149/ Go Now

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Real-world impact of vaccination on coronavirus disease

Details: Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination effectiveness in healthcare personnel (HCP) has been established. However, questions remain regarding its performance in high-risk healthcare occupations and work locations. We describe the effect of a COVID-19 HCP vaccination campaign on SARS-CoV-2 infection by timing of vaccination, job type, and work location.

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Recent trends, risk factors, and disparities in low birth

Details: Affiliations 1 Department of Health Care Services, Benefits Division, 1501 Capitol Ave, Suite 71.4104, MS 4600, P.O. Box 997417, Sacramento, CA 95899-7417 USA.; 2 3School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld 4072 Australia.; 3 Department of Health Care Services, Clinical Assurance and Administrative Support Division, 1501 Capitol Ave

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Impact and overuse injuries in runners

Details: 1 Kinesiology and Health Science Department, California State University, Sacramento, Sacramento, CA 95819-6073, USA. [email protected]; PMID: 15126720 DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000126803.66636.dd Abstract Forces that are repeatedly applied to the body could lead to positive remodeling of a structure if the forces fall below the tensile

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Health information seeking on the Internet: a double

Details: Background: The Internet is a major source of information for professionals and the general public, especially in the field of health. However, despite ever-increasing connection rates, a digital divide persists in the industrialised countries. The objective of this study was to assess the determinants involved in: 1) having or not having Internet access; and 2) using or not using the Internet

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Models of health and disease

Details: This paper describes and analyses six models of health and disease. These are: religious, biomedical, psychosomatic, humanistic, existential and transpersonal. Of these six models, only one was unequivocally reductionist: the biomedical. The others were all holistic. The religious, humanistic and tr …

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Health policy and public health implications of obesity in

Details: Affiliations 1 Global Health Institute, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Department of Health Policy and Management, West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.; 3 Global Health Institute, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

Details: The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and definitions of the terms and considers how they have …

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Health promotion and health education: advancing the

Details: Background: Health education and health promotion activities are a fundamental requirement for all health professionals. These two paradigms are closely related but are not inter-dependent. Despite this, it is known that many nurses confuse the terms and use them interchangeably.

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The health equity measurement framework: a comprehensive

Details: Background: Despite the wealth of frameworks on social determinants of health (SDOH), two current limitations include the relative superficial description of factors affecting health and a lack of focus on measuring health equity. The Health Equity Measurement Framework (HEMF) addresses these gaps by providing a more encompassing view of the multitude of SDOH and drivers of health service

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The role of social relations in health promotion

Details: The pathways that lead from such socioenvironmental exposures to poor health outcomes are likely to be multiple and include behavioral mechanisms and more direct physiologic pathways related to neuroendocrine or immunologic function. For social support to be health promoting, it must provide both a sense of belonging and intimacy and must help

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Prevalence of Health Misinformation on Social Media

Details: The prevalence of health misinformation was the highest on Twitter and on issues related to smoking products and drugs. However, misinformation on major public health issues, such as vaccines and diseases, was also high. Our study offers a comprehensive characterization of …

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Current impact and future consequences of the pandemic on

Details: There is plenty bibliography about the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the mental and social health of children, adolescents, and youth. A very high percentage of this population developed emotional symptoms and their levels of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34813239/ Go Now

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Updating Health Literacy for Healthy People 2030: Defining

Details: The updated definition is intended to advance Healthy People 2030's health literacy goals particularly as more organizations in public health and other sectors acknowledge their role in the delivery of quality health information and services.

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Health, United States, 2017: With Special Feature on

Details: Health, United States, 2017 is the 41st report on the health status of the country, and is submitted by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to the President and the Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health: An

Details: The highest level of mental health difficulties were found in approximately 10% of the population. Findings suggest that public health initiatives should target people without social support and those whose finances worsen as a result of the lockdown. Interventions that promote psychological flexibility may mitigate the impact of the pandemic.

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Health Literacy and Health Information Technology Adoption

Details: Interestingly, health literacy score was positively associated with trust in health care (P=.03). Conclusions: Patients with low health literacy were less likely to use HIT tools or perceive them as easy or useful, but they perceived information on HIT as private. Given the fast-paced evolution of technology, there is a pressing need to further

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Mental health care of health workers during Covid-19

Details: The promotion and protection activities in mental health to face the health emergency generated by COVID-19 worldwide can include coordinated actions between workers, health teams and health institutions as part of a comprehensive, community care, co-responsible and sustained over time.

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Tracking development assistance for health and for COVID

Details: Background: The rapid spread of COVID-19 renewed the focus on how health systems across the globe are financed, especially during public health emergencies. Development assistance is an important source of health financing in many low-income countries, yet little is known about how much of this funding was disbursed for COVID-19.

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Health, sleep, and mood perceptions reported by airline

Details: The present study is part of a major questionnaire survey of work environment and health of air crew in the Scandinavian Airline System (SAS) Norway in 1989. The 1240 respondents (response rate 83%) answered 250 questions about health, job-strain, well-being, sleep problems, organization, and commun …

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A public health model of the social determinants of health

Details: As we move forward in the new century, epidemiologists and public health practitioners are faced with the challenge of reviewing the current direction of epidemiology and its links with public health. While the history of epidemiology has been a successful and productive one, there is a danger that …

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The triple aim: care, health, and cost

Details: Improving the U.S. health care system requires simultaneous pursuit of three aims: improving the experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reducing per capita costs of health care. Preconditions for this include the enrollment of an identified population, a commitment to universal …

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Health capability: conceptualization and operationalization

Details: Conceptually, health capability illuminates the conditions that affect health and one's ability to make health choices. By respecting the health consequences individuals face and their health agency, health capability offers promise for finding a balance between paternalism and autonomy. I offer a conceptual model of health capability and

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Effectiveness of mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine among U.S. Health

Details: Background: The prioritization of U.S. health care personnel for early receipt of messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines against severe acute respiratory disease coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), allowed for the evaluation of the effectiveness of these new vaccines in a real-world setting. Methods: We conducted a test-negative case-control study

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Oral diseases: a global public health challenge

Details: Oral diseases are among the most prevalent diseases globally and have serious health and economic burdens, greatly reducing quality of life for those affected. The most prevalent and consequential oral diseases globally are dental caries (tooth …

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Germany: Health system review

Details: A key feature of the health care delivery system in Germany is the clear institutional separation between public health services, ambulatory care and hospital (inpatient) care. This has increasingly been perceived as a barrier to change and so provisions for integrated care are being introduced with the aim of improving cooperation between

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Understanding and Responding to Health Literacy as a

Details: Health literacy is a midstream determinant of health but not a panacea for addressing health inequities created by the maldistribution of opportunity and resources. It is possible to optimize the contribution health literacy makes in mediating the causes and effects of established social determinants of health.

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Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health in Adolescents: A

Details: Due to lack of sufficient data on the psychological toll of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent mental health, this systematic analysis aims to evaluate the impact of the pandemic on adolescent mental health. This study follows the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews of 16 quantitative studies …

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Tannins and human health: a review

Details: Tannins (commonly referred to as tannic acid) are water-soluble polyphenols that are present in many plant foods. They have been reported to be responsible for decreases in feed intake, growth rate, feed efficiency, net metabolizable energy, and protein digestibility in experimental animals. Therefo …

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What is a national health policy

Details: Unfortunately, most nation states have taken "health policy" to mean "medical care policy." Medical care, however, is only one variable in a nation's health equation. The article describes what the main components of a national health policy should be, including (1) the political, economic, social, …

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Culture, Race, and Health: Implications for Racial

Details: Building a culture of health and achieving health equity requires that we assess cultural racism in a more meaningful way. Cultural processes are commonly referenced in health inequity scholarship, but the empirical literature generally lags behind the conceptual emphasis. A rich literature across d …

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Powerlessness, empowerment, and health: implications for

Details: PURPOSE AND SCOPE. This article reviews the health and social science research relevant to both the role of powerlessness as a risk factor for disease, and the role of empowerment as a health-enhancing strategy. The research literature surveyed includes studies that address these key concepts from t …

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Living in poverty and its effects on health

Details: Poverty has been identified as the greatest threat to health. Generally speaking, poor people are sick more often than wealthier people, and poor people die younger due to poorer economic, social, political and physical conditions. The article explains the difference between relative poverty and abs …

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Identifying the health conscious consumer

Details: Individuals who lead a "wellness-oriented" lifestyle are concerned with nutrition, fitness, stress, and their environment. They accept responsibility for their health and are excellent customers for health-related products and services. Those who lack a wellness orientation are identified as higher …

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Health benefits of Moringa oleifera

Details: Phytomedicines are believed to have benefits over conventional drugs and are regaining interest in current research. Moringa oleifera is a multi-purpose herbal plant used as human food and an alternative for medicinal purposes worldwide. It has been identified by researchers as a plant with numerous …

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Increased Inequalities in Health Resource and Access to

Details: Both health resources and access to these resources increased after China's health care reform launched in 2009. However, it is not clear if the inequalities were reduced within rural China, which was one of the main targets in the reform. This study aims to examine the changes in inequalities in he …

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Policy, politics and public health

Details: If public health is the field that diagnoses and strives to cure social ills, then understanding political causes and cures for health problems should be an intrinsic part of the field. In this article, we argue that there is no support for the simple and common, implicit model of politics in which …

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Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officers

Details: Context: Sleep disorders often remain undiagnosed. Untreated sleep disorders among police officers may adversely affect their health and safety and pose a risk to the public. Objective: To quantify associations between sleep disorder risk and self-reported health, safety, and performance outcomes in police officers. Design, setting, and participants: Cross-sectional and prospective cohort

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Association Between Health Insurance Literacy and

Details: Importance: Navigating health insurance and health care choices requires considerable health insurance literacy. Although recommended preventive services are exempt from out-of-pocket costs under the Affordable Care Act, many people may remain unaware of this provision and its effect on their required payment.

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Islamophobia, Health, and Public Health: A Systematic

Details: This study elucidates the associations between Islamophobia, health, and socioecological determinants of health. Future studies should examine the intersectional nature of Islamophobia and include validated measures, representative samples, subgroup analyses, and comparison groups. More methodologic …

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What is health promotion

Details: Health promotion is a highly fashionable term which has acquired so many meanings as to become meaningless. In this paper a number of current interpretations of the term are reviewed and appraised, and an attempt is made to tidy up the semantic mess once and for all. A model is offered whereby healt …

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